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Consideration Meaning in Contract Act

When it comes to legal agreements, it`s important to understand the meaning of specific terms and clauses. One such term in contract law is "consideration." Let`s take a closer look at what consideration means in the context of the Indian Contract Act of 1872.

According to Section 2(d) of the Contract Act, consideration is defined as "When, at the desire of the promisor, the promisee or any other person has done or abstained from doing, or does or abstains from doing, or promises to do or to abstain from doing something, such act or abstinence or promise is called a consideration for the promise."

In simpler terms, consideration refers to something of value that is exchanged between parties in a contract. It`s the "why" behind the promise being made. For example, if you agree to pay someone to mow your lawn, the consideration is the payment you provide in exchange for their labor.

Consideration is essential for a contract to be legally binding. Without it, there is no exchange of value between parties and therefore no incentive or obligation to fulfill the terms of the agreement. In other words, a promise made without consideration is merely a statement of intent rather than a legally enforceable agreement.

There are some key requirements for consideration to be valid in a contract:

1. It must be legal: The consideration cannot involve an illegal act or something that violates the law.

2. It must be something of value: The consideration must have some tangible or intangible worth, such as money, goods, or services.

3. It must be exchanged between both parties: Both parties must give and receive something of value for the consideration to be valid.

Overall, understanding the concept of consideration is critical for anyone entering into a legal agreement. By ensuring that there is an exchange of value between parties, both sides are protected and the contract becomes legally binding.

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